Before we talk about the what, let’s talk about the why.
Joints in the spine are designed to have good motion. Motion helps to lubricate the area between bones and “pump” the disc, bringing it nutrients. Problems develop through injury, inactivity or repetitive activities which cause muscles to tighten and therefore limit motion between the spinal joints. Over time, this produces a “new normal,” which is a condition of poor motion between spinal bones due to tightness in the small muscles that connect the bones.
Spinal adjustments are designed to stretch the small muscles between the bones to induce motion between the joints. The specific manner in which people are adjusted will vary according to the needs of the patient. Although adjustments are not usually painful, some patients will experience soreness in their muscles afterwards, much like after working out at a gym.